Ts’kw’aylaxw Cultural and Community Health Centre

Location

Lilooet, BC

Size

1,800 square metres

Completion

2018

Structural Engineer

Equilibrium Consulting

Construction Manager

Mierau Contractors Ltd.

Owner

Ts’kw’aylaxw First Nation

Species

Western red cedar

Douglas-fir

Birch

Project Materials

Glue-laminated timber (Glulam)

Lumber

Millwork

Nail-laminated timber (NLT)

Paneling

Plywood

Structural Systems

Light frame

Low rise

Mass timber

Panellized

Passive house / High performance

Post + beam

Prefabricated

A variety of wood species—including aspen, birch, cedar and hemlockare featured throughout the Ts’kw’aylaxw Cultural and Community Health Centre, a multi-purpose facility that serves the community as a gathering place and health centre. 
  • The Indigenous community sought to use as much wood as possible, as sustainable materials align with their design principles 
  • Passive house design helps ease energy costs 
  • The superstructure was built off-site in a factory in a controlled environment. 

The Ts’kw’aylaxw Cultural and Community Health Centre is a multi-purpose facility, serving the Ts’kw’aylaxw First Nation as a community and health centre and gathering place. Passive house design and prefabrication were chosen as solutions to regional building operation and serviceability issues of high hydro bills and mould. 

The building envelope’s design significantly reduces the electricity required to operate the community hub. The superstructure was built off-site in a factory in a controlled environment while the secondary components including framing, finishing and concrete work were done on-site with support from the local skilled workforce.  

Maximal wood inclusion was requested as the First Nation sought to use sustainable materials which would align with their design principles. 

Wood Use that Aligns with the Nations’ Design Values 

Wood’s presence is extensive throughout the three storeys of the cultural and community health centre. The first floor is comprised of Douglas-fir glue-laminated timber (glulam) columns and prefabricated light wood frame panels. Featured on the second floor are glulam beams, nail-laminated timber (NLTdecking, and wood fibre acoustic panels. Birch veneer plywood and acoustic panels are part of the middle floor’s multi-purpose space. An aspen feature wall is on the third floor in the Elders’ cylinder gathering space. The three levels are connected by a circulation atrium with hemlock paneling and a glulam girsupporting a veneer curtainwall. A peeled western red cedar colonnade and soffits, as well as solid birch entrance doors are visible from the exterior of the centre 

 

Creating spaces where the spirit can be lifted

Ts’kw’aylaxw Cultural Community Health Centre Grand Opening

 

Rough-hewn shiplap planks and solid-sawn heavy cedar timber feature predominantly in this cloudy afternoon photo of the low rise First Nations Longhouse on the UBC Campus
First Nations Longhouse

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Paneling, siding, and solid-sawn heavy timbers - all locally harvested - were used to build the Hesquiaht First Nation Place of Learning, an interior view of which is shown here.
Hesquiaht First Nation Place of Learning

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Exterior afternoon view of low rise Tla'Amin Community Health Services building showing extensive use of wood siding and decorative wood trim
Tla’amin Community Health Services

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Exterior sunny daytime view of multi layered cantilever wooden roof sections extending out from Tsleil Waututh Administration and Health Centre
Tsleil-Waututh Administration & Health Centre

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