Kingsway Pedestrian Bridge

Location

Burnaby, BC

Size

129 square metres

Completion

2008

Structural Engineer

Fast + Epp

Engineered Wood Fabricator

Structurlam Mass Timber Corporation

Project Materials

Glue-laminated timber (Glulam)

Structural Systems

Post + beam

Prefabricated

The extensive use of wood in the Burnaby pedestrian bridge is seldom seen in such a large-scale bridge structure.
  • The walkway is suspended on steel tension rods from a single arch span that is simple and elegant, without the use of buttresses.
  • The bridge is partially covered, so the double-curved glue-laminated timber (glulam) form is protected.
  • The entire wood portion of the bridge, including tapering roof panels, was prefabricated in a parking lot adjacent to the site.

The Kingsway pedestrian bridge connects Metrotown with the commercial and residential areas to the north of Kingsway. The bridge’s structural components combine wood with steel. Expensive buttresses were avoided and instead the dramatic single arch span is tied using the walkway itself to resist the outward thrust. The bridge is partially covered, which gave the designers the opportunity to incorporate wood.

Prefab perfect for high traffic thoroughfare

Crews had to work with minimum interference to traffic. They managed to do so with prefabricated construction and efficient assembly. The entire wood portion of the bridge, including tapering roof panels, was prefabricated in a parking lot adjacent to the site. When lowered into place, the two sections of the exterior arches (as well as the wider intermediate ones) were squeezed together and held in place with tension rods. Prefabricated roof panels were then dropped into place. The glulam arches support hollow structural sections (HSS) beams that project slightly beyond the edges of the roof. Steel rods attached to these steel beams support the precast concrete walkway. These sections, together with internal wood blocking between the glulam, serve to transfer some of the vertical loads away from the outermost arches.

Record-setting example of wood efficiency

The footbridge is believed to be the first time a bridge arch has been built using steel haunches in combination with a timber drop-in span. The timber portion of the arch involved bowing, twisting and assembling individual “spaghetti thin” glulam pieces to form a strong arch with aesthetic appeal.