Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) is the most plentiful tree species in British Columbia (B.C.). Lodgepole pine, interior spruce and subalpine fir are marketed together as a single species group (spruce-pine-fir or SPF). Kiln-dried SPF lumber is used as a structural framing material in all types of residential, commercial, industrial and agricultural building applications.
The wood is light in colour, ranging from cream to yellow to pale reddish brown. It is straight-grained and nonporous, with a fine and uniform texture. Lodgepole pine is also used to produce a wide variety of products including interior wall paneling, shelving, millwork, veneer, trusses, moulding, furniture, boxes, doors and trim and pulp.
Pine beetle wood is lodgepole pine that has been salvaged from areas in B.C. affected by the mountain pine beetle. It has the same structural performance capabilities as other species listed in this section and has been used in high-profile projects like the Richmond Olympic Oval.
Lodgepole pine is produced predominantly as SPF lumber in structural grades according to National Lumber Grades Authority (NLGA) rules for dimension lumber. Select Structural, #2 and better, and stud grades are the most common.