Certified Forests

  • Mixed wood, boreal stand, Northern Interior, B.C.
    Mixed wood, boreal stand, Northern Interior, B.C.
    Photo: Moresby Consulting
    Douglas fir second growth, Central Interior, B.C.
    Douglas-fir second growth, Central Interior, B.C.
    Photo: Moresby Consulting
    Mountain pine beetle forest, Southern Interior, B.C.
    Mountain pine beetle forest, Southern Interior, B.C.
    Photo:naturally:wood
    Nimo Bay, Central Coast, B.C.
    Nimo Bay, Central Coast, B.C.
    Photo: Moresby Consulting

Certification and Chain of Custody

Third-party forest certification is a voluntary process that began in the 1990s in response to concerns about logging practices and forest conversion, especially in tropical regions. Two independent non-profit global programs endorse forest certification programs developed nationally and regionally in countries around the world: Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) and Forest Stewardship Council (FSC).

In Canada, there are three third-party certification systems for sustainable forest management: Canadian Standards Association’s Sustainable Forest Management Standards (CSA), FSC and Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI). The CSA and SFI standards are recognized by PEFC.

Organization

Forest Management Certification

Chain-of-Custody Certification

Where its Recognized

Canadian Standards Association’s Sustainable Forest Management Standards (CSA)

Two standards CAN/CSA-Z809 and CAN/CSA-Z804. Both are National Standards of Canada

PEFC CoC standard

Endorsed internationally by the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification

Forest Stewardship Council (FSC)

One international standard. There are 3 Regional standards in Canada.

FSC CoC standard

Regional standards endorsed by FSC International

Sustainable Forestry Initiative (SFI)

SFI 2015-2019 standard

SFI CoC standard or PEFC CoC Standard

Endorsed internationally by the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification

The CSA, FSC and SFI programs all depend on third-party audits where independent auditors measure the planning, procedures, systems and performance of on-the-ground forest operations against the predetermined standard. 

As a world leader in forest certification, B.C. provides buyers with quality certified products that meet any need, from lumber to furniture to paper. By asking for and choosing certified forest products from B.C., customers can help increase demand for certification and chain-of custody labelling – and improve global forest management standards.

Chain-of-Custody 
Only 10 per cent of the world’s forests are certified. Optional chain-of-custody certification tracks raw materials from certified forests and other sources through each processing or manufacturing stage until the resulting product reaches the store shelf or end user. It also can be used to track characteristics such as the proportion of recycled and uncertified content.

The three certification programs used in B.C. – CSA, FSC and SFI – all have optional chain-of-custody certification and associated on-product labels. The FSC and SFI programs have their own chain-of-custody standards and CSA has adopted the PEFC chain-of-custody standard and PEFC labelling.

Increasingly, companies are using chain-of-custody certification to back up claims that raw materials in their products come from legal, responsible sources and government procurement policies are requiring certified paper or wood products. By asking for and choosing certified forest products from B.C., customers can help increase demand for certification and chain-of-custody labelling – and improve global forest management standards.

B.C.'s Certified Forests

Third-party forest certification demonstrates the rigor of British Columbia’s (B.C.) forest management laws and documents the province’s world-class sustainable forest management record. In B.C., these certification programs are supplemental to the existing, comprehensive laws that ensure the management of its public forests. 

At the end of 2016, B.C. had 52 million hectares (128.5 million acres) of certified lands. Canada is the international leader in forest certification with B.C. contributing more than any other province. Wood is the only material with third party certification programs in place to verify that products originate from a sustainably managed source. 

The three programs used in B.C. – CSA, FSC and SFI – all promote principles, criteria and objectives that are viewed around the world as the basis of sustainable forest management. Each has balanced governance, with boards representing environmental, social and economic interests and all revise their standards regularly through an open public process.

CSA, FSC and SFI evaluate for basic forest stewardship by ensuring that harvested areas are reforested, that laws are obeyed and that there is no unauthorized or illegal logging. Similar to B.C.’s regulatory regime, they all ensure biological diversity is conserved, timber is harvested sustainably and wildlife habitat, soils and water resources are conserved.

Certification provides additional independent assurance that forest products are legally sourced from sustainably managed forests. Customers worldwide trust B.C. as a reliable supplier of forest products from quality, legal and sustainable sources, as B.C. has a negligible risk of illegal logging.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Source:  www.certificationcanada.org as of December 31, 2016